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منتديات كل الجزائريين و الجزائريات


    Active / Passive Verb Forms

    شاطر

    نسيم الأمواج
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    عدد المساهمات : 13
    تاريخ التسجيل : 15/10/2010

    موضوع عادي Active / Passive Verb Forms

    مُساهمة من طرف نسيم الأمواج في الجمعة أكتوبر 15, 2010 9:35 pm



    Sentences can be active or passive. Therefore, tenses also have "active forms" and "passive forms." You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English.
    Active Form
    In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active.
    [Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]
    Example:
    The professor teaches the students

    Passive Form
    In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. You can use the passive form if you think that the thing receiving the action is more important or should be emphasized. You can also use the passive form if you do not know who is doing the action or if you do not want to mention who is doing the action.
    [Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]
    Examples:
    The students are taught by the professor.

    Active / Passive Overview


    Active
    Passive
    Simple Present
    Once a week, Tom cleans the house.
    Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom.
    Present Continuous
    Right now, Sarah is writing the letter.
    Right now, the letter is being written by Sarah.
    Simple Past
    Sam repaired the car.
    The car was repaired by Sam.
    Past Continuous
    The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store.
    The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store.
    Present Perfect
    Many tourists have visited that castle.
    That castle has been visited by many tourists.
    Present Perfect Continuous
    Recently, John has been doing the work.
    Recently, the work has been being done by John.
    Past Perfect
    George had repaired many cars before he received his mechanic's license.
    Many cars had been repaired by George before he received his mechanic's license.
    Past Perfect Continuous
    Chef Jones had been preparing the restaurant's fantastic dinners for two years before he moved to Paris.
    The restaurant's fantastic dinners had been being prepared by Chef Jones for two years before he moved to Paris.
    Simple Future
    will
    Someone will finish the work by 5:00 PM.
    The work will be finished by 5:00 PM.
    Simple Future
    be going to
    Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.
    A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight.
    Future Continuous
    will
    At 8:00 PM tonight, John will be washing the dishes.
    At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes will be being washed by John.
    Future Continuous
    be going to
    At 8:00 PM tonight, John is going to be washing the dishes.
    At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes are going to be being washed by John.
    Future Perfect
    will
    They will have completed the project before the deadline.
    The project will have been completed before the deadline.
    Future Perfect
    be going to
    They are going to have completed the project before the deadline.
    The project is going to have been completed before the deadline.
    Future Perfect Continuous
    will
    The famous artist will have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished.
    The mural will have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.
    Future Perfect Continuous
    be going to
    The famous artist is going to have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished.
    The mural is going to have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.
    Used to
    Jerry used to pay the bills.
    The bills used to be paid by Jerry.
    Would Always
    My mother would always make the pies.
    The pies would always be made by my mother.
    Future in the Past
    Would
    I knew John would finish the work by 5:00 PM.
    I knew the work would be finished by 5:00 PM.
    Future in the Past
    Was Going to
    I thought Sally was going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.
    I thought a beautiful dinner was going to be made by Sally tonight

    lamomie
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    عدد المساهمات : 19
    تاريخ التسجيل : 30/09/2010
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    الموقع : guelma

    موضوع عادي رد: Active / Passive Verb Forms

    مُساهمة من طرف lamomie في السبت أكتوبر 16, 2010 1:03 pm

    بارك الله فيك
    avatar
    Helio_24
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    عدد المساهمات : 1549
    تاريخ التسجيل : 04/07/2009
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    الموقع : www.guelmaforum.yoo7.com

    موضوع عادي رد: Active / Passive Verb Forms

    مُساهمة من طرف Helio_24 في الأحد أكتوبر 17, 2010 1:49 pm

    thx very much

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الأحد أغسطس 19, 2018 8:03 pm